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Non-antibiotic treatment of sore throat

10 February 2011

Emergency Nurse


Sore throats are common presentations in emergency and primary care settings and, although only between 5 and 10 per cent of adults with this condition are found to...

Glandular fever: a practical lesson in acute inflammation

01 November 2007

Primary Health Care


Glandular fever is a common viral upper respiratory tract infection associated with mild to moderate constitutional upset. The infection is caused by the...

Measles: the role of health protection teams and primary care

13 November 2019

Primary Health Care

Infection control

Measles is a highly infectious, potentially serious viral infection that mainly affects those people who are unvaccinated. Prompt notification by clinicians and...

Varicella zoster virus: chickenpox and shingles

16 April 2014

Nursing Standard


The varicella zoster virus causes two infections: varicella, also known as chickenpox occurring mostly in childhood, and herpes zoster, also known as shingles...

Attitudes and beliefs of healthcare workers about influenza vaccination

06 March 2019

Nursing Older People


Background Annual influenza vaccination is recommended for all healthcare workers (HCWs) to help reduce the risk of contracting the virus and transmitting it to...

Understanding the health risks of varicella zoster virus in pregnancy

15 March 2019

Primary Health Care


Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a common illness that causes varicella (chickenpox) and shingles. It is prevalent mostly during childhood but there are additional...

Preventing measles outbreaks: a global health challenge

13 May 2020

Primary Health Care

childhood vaccination

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. In late 2019, Samoa experienced an epidemic of measles, which resulted in overwhelming pressure on local healthcare...

Rabies: prevention strategies for overseas travellers

04 June 2014

Nursing Standard


Rabies is a fatal viral disease that causes acute inflammation of the brain in humans. Transmission is usually through a bite or scratch or contact with the saliva...

Dengue fever

18 September 2019

Primary Health Care

Travel health

Dengue fever is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. It is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions of the world but is beginning to emerge in other...

Biological basis of child health 4: an overview of the central nervous system and principles of neurological assessment

22 June 2020

Nursing Children and Young People

neurological assessment

This article is the fourth in a series on the biological basis of child health. It explains the embryological development of the nervous system and describes some of...