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Caring for patients with kidney failure

08 March 2011

Emergency Nurse


Patients with end-stage renal disease can present to unscheduled care settings for different reasons, but are managed in the same way. This article aims to increase...

Understanding the principles and aims of intravenous fluid therapy

27 January 2020

Nursing Standard


A balance between the volume of fluid taken in by the human body, and the volume of fluid excreted, is essential for life. Body fluid balance, which is maintained...

Artificial hydration at the end of life: balancing benefits and risks in the absence of conclusive evidence

02 September 2020

Nursing Standard

end of life care

There is a lack of clear evidence regarding the benefits and harm of artificial hydration at the end of life. Trial findings are conflicting and inconclusive,...

Dietary management of patients with a high-output stoma

28 March 2022

Nursing Standard


A stoma enables faeces and flatus to be passed through a small surgically formed aperture in the abdominal wall, and may be temporary or permanent. However, in some...

Pathophysiology and nursing management of acute pancreatitis

28 June 2018

Nursing Standard

gastrointestinal care

Acute pancreatitis is a potentially life-threatening condition primarily associated with gallstones or prolonged and excessive alcohol intake. Although the initial...

Use of subcutaneous fluids in palliative care with children: a case study

15 June 2020

Nursing Children and Young People

end of life care

Quality of life is a major consideration in children’s palliative care, particularly at the end of life. Optimal symptom management is crucial in maintaining quality...