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Venepuncture: best practice

17 August 2005

Nursing Standard

CPD

Venepuncture is the introduction of a needle into a vein to obtain a blood sample for haematological, biochemical or bacteriological analysis. It is the most common...

A practical guide to venepuncture and blood sampling

26 March 2008

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

This article provides an overview of the knowledge and skills required for peripheral venepuncture, including anatomy and physiology, psychological issues, consent,...

Preventing, identifying and treating hepatitis C

08 January 2019

Nursing Standard

gastrointestinal care

Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus that, if left untreated, can result in significant liver damage and cancer. Most individuals are unaware that they have been...

Hypercalcaemia of malignancy: causes and management

23 September 2019

Cancer Nursing Practice

hypercalcaemia

Patients with hypercalcaemia of malignancy present with signs and symptoms of greater severity than those with hypercalcaemia associated with non-malignant causes....

How to interpret arterial blood gas results

28 July 2022

Nursing Standard

cardiorespiratory

Arterial blood gas analysis is designed to measure the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood, as well as the acid-base (pH) balance. Arterial blood gas...

Hepatitis C nightmare

18 October 2005

Nursing Standard

Feature

Sustaining a needlestick injury resulted in nurse Dianne Wright contracting hepatitis C infection in 2003. Despite 24 weeks of gruelling treatment, she continued to...

Dengue fever

18 September 2019

Primary Health Care

Travel health

Dengue fever is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. It is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions of the world but is beginning to emerge in other...

Constructing a middle-range theory to explain the uptake of hepatitis C tests in prison

18 March 2021

Nurse Researcher

Mixed methods

Background Realist evaluation is increasingly used in healthcare research, and theories can provide plausible explanations of why interventions work or do not work...

Biological basis of child health 15: understanding the renal system and common renal conditions in children

09 May 2022

Nursing Children and Young People

Renal system

This article, the 15th and last in a series on the biological basis of child health, focuses on the renal system, in particular the kidneys. It provides an overview...

Using procalcitonin testing to guide treatment decisions in care homes

24 August 2022

Nursing Older People

Biomarkers

Procalcitonin (PCT), a precursor of the hormone calcitonin, has emerged as a marker of bacterial infection that appears to be particularly useful in respiratory...