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Basic pharmacology of non-opioid analgesics

06 April 2010

Nursing Standard

Art & science

Non-opioid analgesics, such as aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and paracetamol, are widely used in the treatment of pain, pyrexia and inflammation....

An overview of pharmacology and acute pain: part two

06 October 2010

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

This article explores the role of medicines in the management of acute pain. The main categories of analgesic drugs are outlined and the different routes of...

Documenting and treating acute pain in children

08 June 2011

Emergency Nurse


Pain management for children in emergency departments is often inconsistent or inadequate due to a lack of appropriate protocols. This article discusses the...

Intranasal diamorphine in children with trauma

01 February 2013

Emergency Nurse

Art & Science

This article discusses the administration of intranasal diamorphine as an analgesia in paediatric trauma care. The authors outline evidence for its use and discuss a...

Epidural analgesia: educating patients and nurses

13 March 1996

Nursing Standard

Theatre nursing

Post-operative pain relief is an area that is often poorly managed (Cohen 1980, Donovan 1993). It has been suggested that today’s healthcare professionals are taught...

An overview of pharmacology and acute pain: part one

29 September 2010

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

This two-part article, the fourth in a series on pain, explores the four main divisions of pharmacology: pharmacodynamics–what the medicine does to the body;...

Emergency management of alveolar osteitis

07 December 2011

Emergency Nurse


Patients with urgent dental problems who present to emergency departments (EDs) during weekday office hours are usually referred to their dentists, often after being...

Use of digital nerve blocks to provide anaesthetic relief

09 September 2011

Emergency Nurse


This article discusses the various techniques that nursescan use to perform digital nerve blocks, which are some of the most common procedures undertaken by...

Acute pain relief in children: use of rating scales and analgesia

10 October 2011

Emergency Nurse


Evidence suggests that children who are in pain and who present to emergency departments receive sub-optimal pain assessment and relief. Many factors contribute to...

Pain management in day-case surgery

03 March 2004

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

Background Effective pain management following day surgery is a challenging issue. For the majority of patients severe pain is uncommon. However, a number of...
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