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A practical guide to extubation

19 September 2007

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

This article reviews current practice in relation to extubation and the relative merits of the available techniques. The procedure for extubation is described as...

Care of patients undergoing weaning from mechanical ventilation in critical care

22 November 2017

Nursing Standard

Evidence & practice

There are several reasons why mechanical ventilation – the use of an artificial device to assist a patient to breathe – may be initiated, for example to enable...

Ambulation of patients who are mechanically ventilated: nurses' views

Nursing Management

evidence & practice

Aims Aims Equipment and skills in intensive care have advanced dramatically, and early rehabilitation and ambulation for patients in intensive care units (ICUs) are...

Artificial humidification for the mechanically ventilated patient

27 October 2010

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

Caring for patients who are mechanically ventilated poses many challenges for critical care nurses. It is important to humidify the patient’s airways artificially to...

Parents’ perceptions of the transition of their child who is ventilator dependent from hospital to home

16 December 2019

Nursing Children and Young People

literature review

The number of children who are ventilator dependent and being cared for at home by their families has risen dramatically in recent years. Parents’ roles are often...

An overview of mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit

07 March 2018

Nursing Standard

Evidence & practice

This article discusses the history, types and essential components of mechanical ventilation. It addresses the potential complications associated with mechanical...

Healthcare-associated respiratory tract infection

20 February 2013

Nursing Standard

Learning Zone

Respiratory tract infections have been identified as the most common healthcare-associated infection in acute hospitals. Patients most at risk are those who are...

Tracheostomy care: the role of the nurse before, during and after insertion

13 July 2020

Nursing Standard


A tracheostomy is a surgical procedure that involves creating an opening and inserting a tube in the trachea to enable air transit from the external atmosphere to...

Bowel management systems in critical care: a service evaluation

25 January 2017

Nursing Standard

Evidence & practice

Aim Many patients who are critically ill develop faecal incontinence associated with diarrhoea, and require a bowel management system (BMS) to prevent skin...

Investigating patient outcomes and healthcare costs associated with ventilator-associated pneumonia

26 October 2021

Nursing Management

Professional issues

Background Ventilator-associated pneumonia is the most frequent infection seen in intensive care units. Of those patients with an endotracheal tube, many will...