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Diagnosis and management of patients with pleural effusions

11 June 2014

Nursing Standard


Pleural effusions occur when fluid accumulates between the visceral and parietal pleura in the chest cavity, preventing the lung from expanding fully during...

A practical approach to breathing control in primary care

09 July 2008

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

Breathlessness is a common but complex symptom which has a wide range of causes and presentations. Living with breathlessness can have a considerable impact on a...

Developing a nurse-led salbutamol weaning pathway for children and young people with asthma or viral-induced wheeze

06 November 2023

Nursing Children and Young People

evidence and practice

Acute asthma exacerbations and viral-induced wheeze are common presenting complaints on one general paediatric ward in a tertiary children’s hospital in England. An...

Chronic heart failure part 1: pathophysiology, signs and symptoms

Nursing Standard

evidence & practice

Chronic heart failure is a common and complex clinical syndrome that results from impaired cardiac relaxation or contraction. Patients with chronic heart failure may...

Use of combined inhalers for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

14 February 2018

Nursing Standard

Evidence & practice

The mission of the Cochrane Nursing Care Field (CNCF) is to improve health outcomes through increasing the use of the Cochrane Library and supporting Cochrane’s role...

Recognition and management of asthma in children and young people

16 September 2015

Nursing Standard


Asthma is a common childhood disorder that has global significance. Developing an understanding of the aetiology, effects, diagnosis and management of the disorder...

Managing severe breathlessness in patients with end-stage COPD

10 October 2012

Nursing Standard


The disease trajectory in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be long and uncertain, making it difficult to identify when patients are at the end-stage...

Managing breathlessness in patients with lung cancer

28 November 2012

Nursing Standard

A&S Science

Breathlessness is one of the most common and difficult symptoms to manage in advanced cancer. Despite the development of non-pharmacological interventions and a...

Safe and effective use of supplemental oxygen therapy

20 July 2018

Nursing Standard


Nurses have an important role in early identification of factors that can compromise oxygen delivery to the lungs and tissues in the body, and in ensuring that...

Effective management of adult patients with asthma

22 July 2019

Nursing Standard


Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that can affect people of all ages. Globally, asthma is one of the most common non-communicable diseases and is associated...