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Implementing the actor-partner interdependence model for dyadic data analysis: an overview for the nurse researcher

25 September 2019

Nurse Researcher

statistical techniques

Background The actor-partner interdependence model (APIM) is widely used to study people with close relationships, such as patients and their partners. However, the...

Decision-tables for choosing commonly applied inferential statistical tests in comparative and correlation studies

17 October 2019

Nurse Researcher

Quantitative research

Background Nurse researchers are increasingly using a wide variety of inferential statistical tests. However, novice researchers might find choosing tests for their...

Complementing the P-value from null-hypothesis significance testing with a Bayes factor from null-hypothesis Bayesian testing

05 November 2020

Nurse Researcher

bayesian analysis

Background Classical frequentist statistics, including null-hypothesis significance testing (NHST), dominates nursing and medical research analysis. However, there...

An introduction to Bayes’ theorem and examples of its application to a diagnostic test and a clinical trial

17 February 2022

Nurse Researcher

Quantitative research

Background The Bayesian approach to updating scientific knowledge involves using a probability distribution to describe a prior belief concerning an outcome of...

The permutation test: a simple way to test hypotheses

30 January 2024

Nurse Researcher

evidence and practice

Background Quantitative researchers can use permutation tests to conduct null hypothesis significance testing without resorting to complicated distribution theory. A...

Reliability and validity in research

12 July 2006

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

This article examines reliability and validity as ways to demonstrate the rigour and trustworthiness of quantitative and qualitative research. The authors discuss...

Predictors of uncertainty in parents of children living with chronic conditions

19 February 2019

Nursing Children and Young People

evidence and practice

Background Uncertainty in illness implies no meaning has been attributed to an illness event. Although many studies focus on this issue in adults, there is limited...

Bayesian analysis for nurse and midwifery research: statistical, practical and ethical benefits

19 January 2023

Nurse Researcher


Background The statistical shortcomings of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) are well documented, yet it continues to be the default paradigm in...

The one-way ANOVA test explained

15 June 2023

Nurse Researcher

Quantitative methods

Background Quantitative methods and statistical analysis are essential tools in nursing research, as they support researchers testing phenomena, illustrate their...

Understanding quantitative research: part 1

01 January 2013

Nursing Standard

Learning zone continuing professional development

This article, which is the first in a two-part series, provides an introduction to understanding quantitative research, basic statistics and terminology used in...