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Diagnosis and treatment of meralgia paresthetica

08 November 2010

Emergency Nurse


Many patients present to emergency departments with lower back pain, for which there are several differential diagnoses. One of these is meralgia paresthetica, an...

Appendicitis: a case study

19 June 2013

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

The presentation of patients with abdominal pain is a common occurrence in emergency departments. Since there are many potential causes of abdominal pain, diagnosis...

Cardiovascular examination in emergency departments

09 April 2015

Emergency Nurse

Art & Science

History taking and physical examination of patients who present with cardiac pain are not generally regarded as part of an emergency nurse’s role in the UK. However,...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: diagnosis and management

23 January 2013

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, despite being one of the most common causes of hospital...

Developing clinical reasoning and effective communication skills in advanced practice

24 December 2018

Nursing Standard


Clinical reasoning and effective communication are fundamental skills for nurses working at an advanced level of practice. Clinical reasoning processes are designed...

Effective management of adult patients with asthma

22 July 2019

Nursing Standard


Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that can affect people of all ages. Globally, asthma is one of the most common non-communicable diseases and is associated...

Identifying and differentiating stroke and stroke mimics

18 February 2019

Nursing Standard


Stroke mimics are common differential diagnoses of stroke. This article describes common stroke mimics and their presentations. It provides nurses with an overview...

Differentiating between dementia, delirium and depression in older people

25 November 2019

Nursing Standard

mental health

Older people can find hospital stays challenging and distressing. When their presenting symptoms make it challenging for healthcare professionals to differentiate...

Screening and management of unintentional low-level carbon monoxide exposure in the emergency department

13 April 2021

Emergency Nurse

carbon monoxide

Unintentional carbon monoxide (CO) exposure, sometimes referred to as CO poisoning, is a serious threat to health and can have long-term effects on the neurological...

Early recognition and treatment of Henoch-Schönlein purpura in children

12 August 2019

Nursing Children and Young People


Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is characterised by a non-blanching rash, which commonly affects the lower limbs of children aged 3-15 years. It is the most common...