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Ankylosing spondylitis: diagnosis and management

18 December 2013

Nursing Standard


This article provides an overview of ankylosing spondylitis, including signs and symptoms, diagnosis and management. The article focuses on the difficulties and...

Screening and management of unintentional low-level carbon monoxide exposure in the emergency department

13 April 2021

Emergency Nurse

carbon monoxide

Unintentional carbon monoxide (CO) exposure, sometimes referred to as CO poisoning, is a serious threat to health and can have long-term effects on the neurological...

Diagnosis of dementia

24 June 2015

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

There are two stages to making a diagnosis of dementia: establishing the presence of a dementia syndrome and determining the likely cause. Dementia should be...

Too much of a good thing? Diagnosis and management of patients with serotonin syndrome

14 December 2021

Emergency Nurse

service improvement

Serotonin syndrome is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition caused by excess serotonin in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Patients with...

Winged scapula: an overview of pathophysiology, diagnosis and management

23 June 2021

Emergency Nurse

Shoulder pain

Patients commonly present to the emergency department (ED) with shoulder injuries and shoulder pain. Winged scapula is one potential underlying cause of shoulder...

Acute kidney injury in the critical care setting

17 July 2023

Nursing Standard

Effective practice

Acute kidney injury is a sudden reduction in renal function which impairs the kidneys’ ability to maintain fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance. The syndrome...

Assessment and management of patients with tibial plateau fractures in emergency departments

01 October 2019

Emergency Nurse


Tibial plateau fractures are complex injuries and relatively common presentations in emergency departments (EDs), yet the diagnosis is not always obvious. Patients...