Secondary prevention of stroke and transient ischaemic attack
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Secondary prevention of stroke and transient ischaemic attack

Maggie Lawrence Research fellow, School of Health, Glasgow Caledonian University
Hazel Fraser Chair, Scottish Stroke Nurses Forum, NHS Fife, Kirkcaldy
Charlotte Woods Learning and development officer, NHS Health Scotland
John McCall Stroke nurse specialist, Forth Valley Royal Hospital, Larbert

Transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and stroke are clinical syndromes characterised by acute neurological deficits with vascular causes. People experiencing TIA or a first stroke are at significant risk of subsequent stroke. Risk factors have been identified and include factors associated with lifestyle such as tobacco use, diet, obesity, alcohol consumption, physical activity and stress. Targeted therapeutic interventions have the potential to reduce the burden of stroke substantially. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the evidence relating to lifestyle risk factors for stroke. Health promotion theories and intervention techniques that nurses can use to address lifestyle behaviour change following stroke will also be discussed.

Nursing Standard. 26, 9, 41-46. doi: 10.7748/ns2011.

Peer review

This article has been subject to double blind peer review