Acute pyelonephritis: risk factors, diagnosis and treatment
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Acute pyelonephritis: risk factors, diagnosis and treatment

James Bethel Senior lecturer, University of Wolverhampton, Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust

Pyelonephritis is an acute urological condition that involves infection of one or both kidneys. The condition is not generally associated with high levels of mortality, but patients can become acutely ill and experience severe pain. Early recognition and treatment of pyelonephritis may limit morbidity. This article identifies patients at increased risk of pyelonephritis and discusses appropriate strategies to prevent serious complications.

Nursing Standard. 27, 5,51-56. doi: 10.7748/ns2012.10.27.5.51.c9334

Published in print: 03 October 2012

Peer review

This article has been subject to double blind peer review