The complexity of pain assessment in older people
Julie Gregory Nurse lecturer, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, University of Manchester
Julie Gregory looks at the work being done to improve nurses’ measurement of pain when communication and cognitive function are impaired
Pain is common in older people and its assessment is an important part of the nurse’s role. Asking people about their pain is considered the most accurate and reliable assessment because of the subjective nature of pain. A number of simple and easy-to-administer self-rating scales are available to measure pain intensity. To rate their pain, however, people need to understand the request, as well as recall and interpret the painful signal. Observing specific behaviours associated with pain is advocated when communication and cognitive function are impaired, for example, in people with advanced dementia. A number of pain assessment tools have been developed that involve observation of some or all of the behaviours. The aim of this article is to highlight the importance of pain assessment, discuss the various pain assessment scales and tools available and identify some of the factors that can make comprehensive assessment of pain in older people and those with cognitive impairment complex.
Nursing Older People. 27, 8,16-21. doi: 10.7748/nop.27.8.16.e738Correspondence
This article has been subject to double-blind review and has been checked using antiplagiarism softwareConflict of interest
Received: 18 June 2015
Accepted: 06 August 2015