Type 2 diabetes: an epidemic in children
Valerie Wilson Honorary research fellow, Centre for Nursing and Healthcare Research at the University of Greenwich, Insulin Pump Therapy (INPUT) group
Valerie Wilson outlines the issues resulting from the ongoing rise in the number of children and young people diagnosed with this disorder
Increasing numbers of children and adolescents are developing type 2 diabetes. Symptoms of this condition include obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, insulin resistance and hypertension. Type 2 diabetes is more common in girls and families with a positive history of the disease. Diagnosis is often delayed and may identify the presence of chronic complications. An oral glucose tolerance test and a two-hour plasma glucose assessment are the best screening and diagnostic investigations. Treatment is based on weight reduction with diet and exercise, glycaemia monitoring and medication if necessary.
Nursing Children and Young People. 25, 2, 14-17. doi: 10.7748/ncyp2013.03.25.2.14.e136Correspondence
This article has been subject to open peer reviewConflict of interest
Received: 05 March 2012
Accepted: 17 July 2012