Effects of watching cartoons on pain scores in children undergoing venepuncture
evidence and practice    

Effects of watching cartoons on pain scores in children undergoing venepuncture

Esra Ardahan Akgül Research assistant, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Pediatric Nursing, İzmir Kâtip Çelebi University, İzmir, Turkey
Yakup Karahan Nurse, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, İzmir Kâtip Çelebi University, İzmir, Turkey
Funda Başoğlu Nurse, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, İzmir Kâtip Çelebi University, İzmir, Turkey
Aysel Oğul Nurse, Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
Beste Özgüven Öztornaci Lecturer, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Pediatric Nursing, İzmir Kâtip Çelebi University, İzmir, Turkey
Perihan Yetim Nurse, Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
Hatice Yildirim Sari Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Pediatric Nursing, İzmir Kâtip Çelebi University, İzmir, Turkey

Background Children experience pain and restlessness during invasive procedures.

Aim To determine the effect of watching cartoons on pain scores and the duration of crying in children aged 3-6 years undergoing venepuncture.

Method The study included 81 children, aged 3-6 years, who presented to the blood collection unit of a teaching and research hospital. The children were divided into an experimental group (n=41) and a control group (n=40). Those in the experimental group watched a cartoon and then venepuncture was initiated. Their pain levels and the duration of crying were assessed during venepuncture. After venepuncture, they continued to watch the cartoons and their pain levels were assessed again. During the process, another researcher calculated the duration of crying. The children in the control group were subjected to the same process but were not shown the cartoon.

Results Significant differences in pain levels, duration of crying after the procedure and total duration of crying were found between the groups. There was no significant difference in terms of duration of crying during the procedure.

Conclusion Watching cartoons is a non-pharmacological method of pain relief, which reduces perception of pain by distracting a child’s attention.

Nursing Children and Young People. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.2018.e913

Citation

Akgül EA, Karahan Y, Başoğlu FS et al (2018) Effects of watching cartoons on pain scores in children undergoing venepuncture. Nursing Children and Young People. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.2018.e913

Peer review

This article has been subject to open peer review and has been checked for plagiarism using automated software

Correspondence

esra_ardhn@hotmail.com

Conflict of interest

None declared

Published online: 13 December 2018

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