Biological basis of child health 15: understanding the renal system and common renal conditions in children
Intended for healthcare professionals
CPD    

Biological basis of child health 15: understanding the renal system and common renal conditions in children

Kate Davies Associate professor of paediatric prescribing and endocrinology, London South Bank University, and honorary research fellow in paediatric endocrinology, Queen Mary University of London, London, England
Suzanne Bradley Renal clinical nurse specialist, Great Ormond Street Hospital NHS Trust, Great Ormond Street Hospital For Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, England
Doreen Crawford Consultant editor of Nursing Children and Young People and nurse adviser, Crawford-McKenzie, Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, England

Why you should read this article:
  • To enhance your knowledge of the structure and functions of the renal system

  • To recognise some of the renal conditions that may be seen in children and to understand how these are managed

  • To count towards revalidation as part of your 35 hours of CPD, or you may wish to write a reflective account (UK readers)

  • To contribute towards your professional development and local registration renewal requirements (non-UK readers)

This article, the 15th and last in a series on the biological basis of child health, focuses on the renal system, in particular the kidneys. It provides an overview of their role, function, anatomy and physiology, and embryological development. The renal system has a crucial role in homeostasis, so renal function impairment can have wide-ranging and potentially serious consequences for a child’s overall health. The article describes some of the common renal conditions seen in children and how these are managed. It explains how to interpret the results of renal function tests and urine sampling conducted to assess renal function and to investigate acute and chronic disease.

Nursing Children and Young People. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.2022.e1392

Peer review

This article has been subject to open peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated software

@sausmash

Correspondence

kate.davies@lsbu.ac.uk

Conflict of interest

None declared

Davies K, Bradley S, Crawford D (2022) Biological basis of child health 15: understanding the renal system and common renal conditions in children. Nursing Children and Young People. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.2022.e1392

Published online: 09 May 2022

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