How to give an intramuscular injection to an adult with an intellectual disability
CPD    

How to give an intramuscular injection to an adult with an intellectual disability

Paul McAleer Lecturer, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Medical Biology Centre, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Lynne Marsh Senior lecturer, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland

Why you should read this article:
  • To refresh your knowledge of the procedure for administering intramuscular (IM) injections in adults with intellectual disabilities

  • To learn about various strategies you could use in your practice to support adults with intellectual disabilities before, during and after the administration of an IM injection

  • To count towards revalidation as part of your 35 hours of CPD, or you may wish to write a reflective account (UK readers)

  • To contribute towards your professional development and local registration renewal requirements (non-UK readers)

People with intellectual disabilities can have various healthcare needs across their lifespan, which may be closely linked to genetic, biological and/or psychosocial factors. As a result, they may require medicines – some of which may be administered intramuscularly – for various clinical reasons, including as part of the treatment of a range of comorbid physical and mental health conditions. Additionally, this population may not fully understand why certain medicines are administered via the intramuscular (IM) route, nor the potential risks that are involved. Some people with intellectual disabilities may find it distressing to receive medicines via this route, and they may depend on others when making decisions in relation to IM injections. Therefore, it is important for nurses to establish a rapport with patients with intellectual disabilities and gain their consent for the procedure. Nurses also require knowledge of the preparation and administration of IM injections to ensure positive health outcomes.

This article aims to enhance intellectual disability nurses’ knowledge of this procedure, and to explain how they can mitigate the potential physical and psychological effects that IM injections may have for people with intellectual disabilities.

Learning Disability Practice. doi: 10.7748/ldp.2021.e2153

Peer review

This article has been subject to external double-blind peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated software

@paulfmca

Correspondence

p.mcaleer@qub.ac.uk

Conflict of interest

None declared

McAleer P, Marsh L (2021) How to give an intramuscular injection to an adult with an intellectual disability. Learning Disability Practice. doi: 10.7748/ldp.2021.e2153

Published online: 13 August 2021

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