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An overview of mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit

07 March 2018

Nursing Standard

Evidence & practice

This article discusses the history, types and essential components of mechanical ventilation. It addresses the potential complications associated with mechanical...

Parents’ perceptions of the transition of their child who is ventilator dependent from hospital to home

16 December 2019

Nursing Children and Young People

literature review

The number of children who are ventilator dependent and being cared for at home by their families has risen dramatically in recent years. Parents’ roles are often...

Chest drain removal

16 July 2008

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

This article provides a step-by-step approach to the removal of chest drains and offers a rationale for practice. It also discusses indications for chest drain...

Understanding the principles of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation

05 July 2021

Nursing Standard


Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) provides respiratory support to patients without the need for invasive intubation. Although it has been used for...

Airway management in patients with brain injury

01 December 2013

Emergency Nurse

Art & Science

Research has highlighted potential for changes in the technique and implementation of the bag-valve-mask system, a common piece of equipment used during...

Mechanical ventilation

21 July 1999

Nursing Standard


In this article Nigel Henderson discusses the nursing role in the mechanical ventilation of patients. He describes the different ventilator modes, and the physical...

A practical guide to extubation

19 September 2007

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

This article reviews current practice in relation to extubation and the relative merits of the available techniques. The procedure for extubation is described as...

Pain assessment and management in paediatric intensive care: Part 1

01 June 2001

Paediatric Nursing


Provision of effective pain management for children is widely recognised as a challenging aspect of nursing (Gibson and Llewellyn 1997). There is an increasing body...

Care of patients undergoing weaning from mechanical ventilation in critical care

22 November 2017

Nursing Standard

Evidence & practice

There are several reasons why mechanical ventilation – the use of an artificial device to assist a patient to breathe – may be initiated, for example to enable...

Tracheostomy care: the role of the nurse before, during and after insertion

13 July 2020

Nursing Standard


A tracheostomy is a surgical procedure that involves creating an opening and inserting a tube in the trachea to enable air transit from the external atmosphere to...