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Digital rectal examination

30 July 2008

Nursing Standard

Art & Science

This article discusses the indications for digital rectal examination (DRE) in adults. The procedure for DRE is outlined and an overview of the potential findings...

Gynaecological assessment and history taking

01 September 2013

Emergency Nurse

Art & Science

Nurse practitioners (NPs) rarely undertake gynaecological histories or female genital examinations yet, by doing so, they can broaden their scope of practice. This...

Treating knee pain: history taking and accurate diagnoses

09 July 2010

Emergency Nurse


Prompt and effective diagnosis and treatment for common knee problems depend on practitioners’ ability to distinguish between traumatic and inflammatory knee...

Digital rectal examination — an holistic examination approach

01 December 2007

Cancer Nursing Practice


Digital rectal examination (DRE) is commonly carried out by nurse practitioners as part of their history taking and physical examination of patients to assess the...

Examining the knee joint

01 April 2013

Emergency Nurse


Appropriate history taking and examination can ensure accurate diagnosis of common knee problems, and rapid and effective interventions or referral to orthopaedic...

The limping child: an unusual finding of fracture to the fibula

10 May 2011

Emergency Nurse


The limping child is a common presentation to emergency and other unscheduled care facilities with many potential diagnoses that are often age specific. This article...

Management of lower bowel dysfunction

01 June 2013

Primary Health Care

Art & Science

The Royal College of Nursing digital rectal examination (DRE) document has been revised and updated to incorporate the most recent best practice in bowel care. It is...

Diagnosing meniscal tears in the emergency department

08 June 2015

Emergency Nurse

Art & Science

Acute meniscal knee injuries can lead to instability of the joint if they are left untreated, but clinical examinations of patients’ acutely injured knees can be...

‘I AM A STAR’: a mnemonic for undertaking a mental state examination

Mental Health Practice

evidence & practice

Nurse lecturers should aim to create learning experiences that link theory and practice. The Nursing and Midwifery Council suggests that educational programmes...

In pursuit of justice

27 June 2006

Nursing Standard


Andrew Scott is a nurse turned barrister who uses his paediatric experience to defend parents accused of harming or killing their children.