Non-pharmacological interventions for the prevention of venous thromboembolism: a literature review
Esther Hanison Staff nurse, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, England
Kevin Corbett Independent research consultant, London, Department of Adult, Child and Midwifery, Middlesex University, London, England
To assess the relative clinical efficacy of different forms of non-pharmacological prophylaxis, intermittent pneumatic compression and graduated compression stockings in reducing the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients hospitalised after experiencing acute stroke.
This was a thematic synthesis of literature retrieved from a structured bibliographic search of: Medline, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Summon, British Nursing Index, NHS Evidence, Internurse.com, PubMed, Ovid and the websites of other health information resources, such as the Nursing and Midwifery Council, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and the World Health Organization. Citations were also searched for using: Web of Science, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials,Current Controlled Trials, Stroke Trials Registry and Clinical Trials.
Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) showed a small but statistically significant (
More valid and reliable evidence is required. Clear and extensive guidelines are necessary to ensure high-quality care for patients with acute stroke to improve their quality of life and reduce morbidity and mortality rates.
Nursing Standard. 31, 8,48-57. doi: 10.7748/ns.2016.e10473
Received: 26 February 2016
Accepted: 13 May 2016
Published in print: 19 October 2016Peer review
This article has been subject to external double-blind peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated softwareConflict Of Interest