Managing COPD using pulmonary rehabilitation: a literature review
Lowina Mukundu Staff nurse, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, England
Milika Ruth Matiti Senior lecturer, College of Social Science, School of Health and Social Care, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, England
This article presents a literature review of the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pulmonary rehabilitation has been shown to decrease patient mortality and hospital admissions. The literature search resulted in 13 articles being selected for review. Three themes were identified: improvement in exercise tolerance, improvement in breathlessness and improvement in health-related quality of life. This review enhances our knowledge of the mechanisms through which pulmonary rehabilitation benefits patients and provides an evidence base to guide nursing decisions regarding patient education, health promotion and psychological support.
Nursing Standard. 30, 14, 38-43. doi: 10.7748/ns.30.14.38.s44Correspondence
All articles are subject to external double-blind peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated software.
Received: 31 October 2014
Accepted: 10 March 2015