Management of acute confusion in patients with CNS infections
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Management of acute confusion in patients with CNS infections

Claire Matata Specialist research nurse, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, and The Royal Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool
Sylviane Defres Academic clinical fellow, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, and the Royal Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool
Christina Jones Nurse consultant, Critical care, Whiston Hospital, Prescot
Alison Gummery Research psychologist, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool
Tom Solomon Director, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, and The Royal Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool

This article discusses the management of acute confusion and aggression in patients with infections of the central nervous system (CNS). The issues discussed are applicable to the management of acute confusion of any cause and the principles of care apply to all confused patients. The article addresses many of the challenges encountered by nurses caring for confused patients, including the recognition of acute confusion, use of screening tools, and the management and treatment of these patients.

Nursing Standard. 28, 15,49-58. doi: 10.7748/ns2013.12.28.15.49.e7852

Peer review

This article has been subject to double blind peer review

Received: 08 May 2013

Accepted: 20 September 2013