Hypoglycaemia: causes, risk factors and pathophysiology
Carol Cox Professor of nursing, Advanced clinical practice, Research and enterprise, School of Health Sciences, City University London
Marie Hill Senior lecturer, Practice nursing, School of Health Sciences, City University London
This article examines the prevalence, symptoms, risk factors, management and prevention of hypoglycaemia in adults. Relevant research and government policies are discussed, and recent guidelines on the management of hypoglycaemia are presented. Standard 7 of the National Service Framework for Diabetes focuses on the need for improved knowledge and skills of healthcare professionals when dealing with diabetic emergencies. Healthcare professionals should be aware that tight glycaemic control may increase the risk of hypoglycaemia. Ongoing education about the recognition and treatment of hypoglycaemic episodes, particularly in patients being treated with insulin and sulfonylureas, is an important component of the nursing role.
27, 42, 42-48.
This article has been subject to double blind peer review
Accepted: 25 March 2013
Want to read more?
Subscribe for unlimited access
Try 1 month’s access for just £1 and get:
Your subscription package includes:
- Full access to nursingstandard.com and the Nursing Standard app
- The monthly digital edition
- RCNi Portfolio and interactive CPD quizzes
- RCNi Learning with 200+ evidence-based modules
- 10 articles a month from any other RCNi journal
Already subscribed? Log in
Alternatively, you can purchase access to this article for the next seven days. Buy now