Hypoglycaemia: causes, risk factors and pathophysiology
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Hypoglycaemia: causes, risk factors and pathophysiology

Svetla Dimitrova Stefanova Staff nurse, London Chest Hospital, London
Carol Cox Professor of nursing, Advanced clinical practice, Research and enterprise, School of Health Sciences, City University London
Marie Hill Senior lecturer, Practice nursing, School of Health Sciences, City University London

This article examines the prevalence, symptoms, risk factors, management and prevention of hypoglycaemia in adults. Relevant research and government policies are discussed, and recent guidelines on the management of hypoglycaemia are presented. Standard 7 of the National Service Framework for Diabetes focuses on the need for improved knowledge and skills of healthcare professionals when dealing with diabetic emergencies. Healthcare professionals should be aware that tight glycaemic control may increase the risk of hypoglycaemia. Ongoing education about the recognition and treatment of hypoglycaemic episodes, particularly in patients being treated with insulin and sulfonylureas, is an important component of the nursing role.

Nursing Standard. 27, 42,42-48. doi: 10.7748/ns2013.06.27.42.42.e7615

Peer review

This article has been subject to double blind peer review

Accepted: 25 March 2013