Fluoride in the UK diet
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Fluoride in the UK diet

Carrie Ruxton Freelance dietician, Nutrition Communications, Cupar, Fife, Scotland

Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral that can be obtained from foods and fluids originating from soils containing fluoride, as well as by drinking water that has been fluoridated. While consuming adequate fluoride intake can deliver benefits for dental and bone health, there have been concerns that excessive fluoride intake could lead to dental fluorosis, or even cause harm to bones. This article considers the balance of evidence in this area, and discusses the benefits and potential risks of fluoride in the UK diet. The role of tea as a major contributor to normal fluoride intake is highlighted, alongside some positive implications of this. Information is also provided to help nurses and midwives communicate the latest advice and guidance on fluoride to their patients.

Nursing Standard. 28, 49, 52-59. doi: 10.7748/ns.28.49.52.e9031



Peer review

This article has been subject to double blind peer review

Conflict of interest


Received: 28 March 2014

Accepted: 23 May 2014