Early diagnosis and testing for human immunodeficiency virus
Intended for healthcare professionals
CPD Previous     Next

Early diagnosis and testing for human immunodeficiency virus

Amanda Hesman Senior lecturer in adult nursing, London South Bank University, London, England

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is now considered a long-term condition. However, HIV can only become a long-term condition if it is diagnosed early and antiretroviral therapy is commenced immediately. Individuals with HIV who are diagnosed late have an increased risk of death in the year after diagnosis compared to those diagnosed promptly. This article outlines HIV testing policy in the UK, the importance of the early diagnosis of HIV, the barriers to HIV testing, and how to offer testing in a range of settings.

Nursing Standard. 30, 41, 52-60. doi: 10.7748/ns.30.41.52.s45



Peer review

All articles are subject to external double-blind peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated software.

Received: 19 May 2015

Accepted: 15 March 2016

Want to read more?

Already subscribed? Log in


Unlock full access to RCNi Plus today

Save over 50% on your first 3 months

Your subscription package includes:
  • Unlimited online access to all 10 RCNi Journals and their archives
  • Customisable dashboard featuring 200+ topics
  • RCNi Learning featuring 180+ RCN accredited learning modules
  • RCNi Portfolio to build evidence for revalidation
  • Personalised newsletters tailored to your interests
RCN student member? Try Nursing Standard Student

Alternatively, you can purchase access to this article for the next seven days. Buy now