Clostridium difficile infection: nursing considerations
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Clostridium difficile infection: nursing considerations

Brett G Mitchell Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing and Health, Avondale College of Higher Education, Wahroonga, Australia
Phillip L Russo PhD scholar, School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
Paul Race Faculty Dean, Faculty of Nursing and Health, Avondale College of Higher Education, Wahroonga, Australia

Clostridium difficile is a bacterium which commonly causes diarrhoea in inpatients. C. difficile affects hospitalised patients worldwide and can pose a significant risk to patients. This article explores the transmission and risk factors for C. difficile infection (CDI). There are many aspects to the prevention and control of CDI: appropriate antibiotic use, early instigation and maintenance of prevention and control strategies, and high standards of environmental cleanliness, education, and surveillance. This article discusses the role of the nurse in each of these prevention and control activities.

Nursing Standard. 28, 47,43-48. doi: 10.7748/ns.28.47.43.e8857

Received: 10 February 2014

Accepted: 11 April 2014

Published in print: 23 July 2014

Peer review

This article has been subject to double blind peer review