Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease part 2: non-pharmacological therapy
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease part 2: non-pharmacological therapy

Donna Jones District nursing sister, Shropshire Community Health NHS Trust, Shrewsbury, England

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common, progressive and disabling disease that causes significant burden to patients, their families, and the NHS. Research suggests that the complexity of factors contributing to the disease requires a deeper understanding of the patient experience and a more holistic approach to care provision. This, the second of two articles, discusses the non-pharmacological therapies for managing patients with COPD and explores the concept of mindfulness as a therapy in the management of breathlessness.

Nursing Standard. 29, 34, 53-58. doi: 10.7748/ns.29.34.53.e9671


Peer review

This article has been subject to double blind peer review

Received: 11 October 2014

Accepted: 23 January 2015

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