Causes and consequences of sleep deprivation in hospitalised patients
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Causes and consequences of sleep deprivation in hospitalised patients

Stephanie Pilkington Staff nurse, Critical Care, University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent

Sleep is a fundamental component of good health, however its promotion in acute hospital settings does not appear to be a priority. This literature review, which considered qualitative and quantitative research methodology, aimed to determine the factors that affect the quality of sleep experienced by patients in hospital, and the effects of sleep deprivation on the health and wellbeing of these individuals. Causes of sleep disruption are varied and include environmental and bio-cognitive factors, including pain, bright light, noise, anxiety and stress. The environmental and bio-cognitive consequences of sleep deprivation on the health and recovery of hospital inpatients are outlined.

Nursing Standard. 27, 49,35-42. doi: 10.7748/ns2013.08.27.49.35.e7649

Peer review

This article has been subject to double blind peer review

Received: 26 February 2013

Accepted: 03 June 2013