Cognitive impairment in older people living in the community
Ergie Inocian Nurse educator, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Joel Gonzales Patalagsa Assistant professor, Community and mental health nursing, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Ergie Inocian and Joel Gonzales Patalagsa describe a study of the condition’s prevalence in Cebu City, the Philippines
Aim To investigate the prevalence and severity of cognitive impairment among older people living in the community in Cebu City, the Philippines.
Method The cognitive function of 120 older people living in the community was assessed using the mini-mental state examination translated into the Cebuano language. Details of age, gender, education level and number of health problems were noted for all participants.
Results On average, participants had mild cognitive impairment. Cognitive status differed significantly when participants were grouped according to age, education level and number of concurrent health problems. The male participants were less likely (odds ratio (OR) =0.34, P=0.02; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.134, 0.840) to have mild cognitive impairment than no cognitive impairment. Participants aged 75 and older were more likely (OR=1.42, P=0.003; 95% CI 1.131, 1.789) to have moderate or severe cognitive impairment than no cognitive impairment.
Conclusion Cognitive decline was more prevalent in older participants. Implementation of cost-effective, early detection and interventions in primary care is needed to prevent the potential debilitating effects of cognitive impairment.
Nursing Older People.
This article has been subject to double-blind review and has been checked using antiplagiarism software
Conflict of interest
Received: 23 March 2015
Accepted: 08 September 2015
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