Attitudes of nursing students towards people with disabilities
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Attitudes of nursing students towards people with disabilities

Hatice Yildirim Sari Associate professor, Faculty of Health Science, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey
Ebru Akgun Çitak Associate professor, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey
Nurcan Uysal Assistant professor, Gediz University, Izmir, Turkey
Emine Yılmaz Assistant professor, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey

Hatice Yildirim Sari and colleagues describe a survey that investigated whether temperament and character were influential factors on attitudes towards disability

Aim To examine whether there is a relationship between the temperament and character of university students and their attitude towards people with disabilities.

Methods The study investigated the views of nursing students in their second year of university who had elected to take a course on disability. Questionnaires were distributed to 100 people and 81 filled in the forms completely, 75 of whom (92.6%) were women. The study data were collected in January 2014. Data were analysed using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons (ATDP) scale.

Results The mean attitude score of the students was 68.77 ± 12.71 (min: 39, max: 102). The correlation between the mean scores for the ATDP scale and the subdimensions of the TCI was evaluated. A significant correlation was determined between positive attitudes towards people with disabilities and the reward dependence dimension and the sentimentality sub-scale of reward dependence.

Conclusion A relationship was determined between reward dependence and positive attitudes towards people with disabilities. People high in reward dependence are compassionate, sensitive, dependent on others’ approval and sociable. Education to improve nursing students’ attitudes towards disabled people and their social communication skills should be incorporated into nurse training. Future studies should investigate the effects of temperament and character on attitudes, as well as sociodemographic factors. Sample groups should be selected from a range of social groups to see if nursing students who will be caring for people with disabilities have a more positive attitude towards them.

Learning Disability Practice. 19, 1, 27-30. doi: 10.7748/ldp.19.1.27.s22


Peer review

This article has been subject to double-blind review and has been checked using antiplagiarism software

Conflict of interest

None declared

Received: 08 November 2015

Accepted: 26 November 2015