Pericardial conditions: signs, symptoms and electrocardiogram changes
Melanie Humphreys Senior lecturer in continuing professional studies, University of Wolverhampton school of health
This article describes the anatomy and physiology of the pericardium and the signs and symptoms of acute pericarditis, pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. It illustrates the likely electrocardiogram findings in each of these conditions and discusses how the results, combined with patient history and physical examination, can help emergency nurses make accurate diagnoses.
Emergency Nurse. 14, 1,30-36. doi: 10.7748/en2006.04.14.1.30.c1223