How nurses can cope with stress and avoid burnout
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How nurses can cope with stress and avoid burnout

Stephanie Wilkinson Staff nurse in the acute medical unit, North Middlesex University Hospital NHS Trust, London

Stephanie Wilkinson offers a literature review on the workplace stressors experienced by emergency and trauma nurses

This article draws on a systematic literature review to identify stressors in emergency and trauma nursing settings, and their potential effects on staff. After a search of relevant databases, six articles were chosen and analysed, and the main causes of stress in the workplace for emergency and trauma nurses were identified. These stressors include work demands and lack of time, lack of managerial support, patient aggression and violence, and staff exposure to traumatic events. Their effects on nurses include burnout, compassion fatigue, somatic complaints, mental health problems and difficulties in life outside work. The article goes on to discuss the implications of the findings on practice.

Emergency Nurse. 22, 7, 27-31. doi: 10.7748/en.22.7.27.e1354


Peer review

This article has been subject to double blind peer review

Conflict of interest

None declared

Received: 05 August 2014

Accepted: 08 October 2014

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