evidence and practice
Evaluating sleep quality in patients with hypertension
Gürcan Arslan Research Assistant for Internal Diseases, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
Mukadder Mollaoğlu Professor of Internal Diseases, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
• To familiarise yourself with the factors that contribute to poor sleep quality in patients with hypertension
• To understand the underlying mechanism that causes poor sleep quality in patients with hypertension
• To learn about methods that can improve the sleep quality of patients with hypertension
Background Recent guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommend lifestyle advice and several lifestyle alterations as a treatment option for patients with hypertension (NICE 2019). However, the guidelines do not mention improving sleep quality as a potential intervention, despite research suggesting a link between low sleep duration and the risk of hypertension.
Aim To evaluate sleep quality in patients with hypertension.
Method The study recruited 104 participants with hypertension. The researchers obtained demographic information from the participants and used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to ascertain each participant’s quality of sleep.
Results The mean sleep quality score of patients with grade I and II hypertension was found to be ‘poor’. The mean sleep quality scores of patients who slept less than five hours a day were lower than those who slept more than five hours per day. There was no statistically significant association between any demographic characteristics and the mean sleep quality scores.
Conclusion Discussion of sleep quality should form part of the overall lifestyle advice for patients when attempting to manage hypertension, and nurses should enquire about sleep quality in this group of patients.
Primary Health Care. doi: 10.7748/phc.2020.e1627Peer review
This article has been subject to external double-blind peer review and has been checked for plagiarism using automated softwareCorrespondence
Arslan G, Mollaoğlu M (2020) Evaluating sleep quality in patients with hypertension. Primary Health Care. doi: 10.7748/phc.2020.e1627
Published online: 17 June 2020
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