Use of closed cannulae in peripheral intravenous cannulation

Use of closed cannulae in peripheral intravenous cannulation

Sally Jane Shaw Lead trainer, VIP Venepuncture and Cannulation Training, Warwickshire, England

Undertaking peripheral intravenous (IV) cannulations and the management of cannulae are associated with the risk of blood leakage or spillage and blood exposure. Open cannulae are the most common type of peripheral IV cannulae used in the UK. However, closed cannulae, also known as blood-control cannulae, have the potential to reduce the risk of needlestick injury, blood leakage and blood exposure during cannulation, as well as to increase dwell time and patient comfort. Closed cannulae may also reduce the time taken to perform cannulation. This article explains the differences between open cannulae and closed cannulae. It reviews the current use of open cannulae and the risks of blood exposure and how these can be reduced. The benefits of using closed cannulae are also described.

Nursing Standard. doi: 10.7748/ns.2017.e10713


Peer review

This article has been subject to external double-blind peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated software

Received: 07 October 2016

Accepted: 07 February 2017

Published online: 24 April 2017