Use of nutrition therapy in the management of diabetes mellitus
Intended for healthcare professionals
Evidence and practice    

Use of nutrition therapy in the management of diabetes mellitus

Ma’en Zaid Abu-Qamar Lecturer, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia

Why you should read this article:
  • To understand the importance of diet in the management of diabetes mellitus

  • To enhance your knowledge of the role of various nutrients in maintaining optimal glycaemic control

  • To enable you to develop a tailored dietary plan for people with diabetes, considering their clinical profile and personal preferences

Effective management of diabetes mellitus requires lifelong adherence to a plan that incorporates lifestyle changes, exercise and diet. Following a dietary plan is a fundamental component of diabetes management because this can regulate the body’s supply of glucose and lipids, resulting in weight reduction, an improved response to pharmacotherapies, and optimal control of the patient’s glycaemic status and lipid profile. This article examines the components of nutrition therapy recommended for people with diabetes. Initially, the patient’s daily calorie requirements should be determined, and therapeutic objectives should be decided that take into account the individual’s clinical profile and personal preferences. Subsequently, a dietary plan should be negotiated with the patient that considers the carbohydrate, protein, fat and fibre content of each food item.

Nursing Standard. doi: 10.7748/ns.2019.e11253

Peer review

This article has been subject to external double-blind peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated software


Conflict of interest

None declared

Abu-Qamar MZ (2019) Use of nutrition therapy in the management of diabetes mellitus. Nursing Standard. doi: 10.7748/ns.2019.e11253

Published online: 25 February 2019

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