• To refresh your knowledge of the composition, formation and function of blood
• To enhance your awareness of the symptoms and management of various blood disorders that are common among children
• To count towards revalidation as part of your 35 hours of CPD, or you may wish to write a reflective account (UK readers)
• To contribute towards your professional development and local registration renewal requirements (non-UK readers)
This article, the tenth in a series on the biological basis of child health, focuses on blood. Blood has a crucial role in the transport of substances such as respiratory gases, nutrients and antibodies, as well as in acid-base balance, fluid balance, blood clotting and the immune system.
This article describes the composition, formation and function of blood, outlines normal blood count values and explains the effects of low blood cell counts in children. It also provides an overview of the blood disorders that are commonly seen in children, including anaemia, sickle cell disease, clotting disorders and blood cancers. It is essential for children’s nurses to have knowledge and an understanding of blood, including its physiology and pathophysiology, to provide optimal care and support to children and young people and their families.
Nursing Children and Young People. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.2021.e1278Peer review
This article has been subject to open peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated software
Baker E, Crawford D, Davies K (2021) Biological basis of child health 10: function and formation of blood and common blood disorders in children. Nursing Children and Young People. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.2021.e1278
Published online: 12 April 2021
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