Biological basis of child health 10: function and formation of blood and common blood disorders in children
CPD    

Biological basis of child health 10: function and formation of blood and common blood disorders in children

Emily Baker Senior clinical research nurse in haematology/oncology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, England
Doreen Crawford Nurse adviser, Crawford McKenzie, Colsterworth, England
Kate Davies Senior lecturer in non-medical prescribing, London South Bank University and honorary research fellow in paediatric endocrinology, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, England

Why you should read this article
  • To refresh your knowledge of the composition, formation and function of blood

  • To enhance your awareness of the symptoms and management of various blood disorders that are common among children

  • To count towards revalidation as part of your 35 hours of CPD, or you may wish to write a reflective account (UK readers)

  • To contribute towards your professional development and local registration renewal requirements (non-UK readers)

This article, the tenth in a series on the biological basis of child health, focuses on blood. Blood has a crucial role in the transport of substances such as respiratory gases, nutrients and antibodies, as well as in acid-base balance, fluid balance, blood clotting and the immune system.

This article describes the composition, formation and function of blood, outlines normal blood count values and explains the effects of low blood cell counts in children. It also provides an overview of the blood disorders that are commonly seen in children, including anaemia, sickle cell disease, clotting disorders and blood cancers. It is essential for children’s nurses to have knowledge and an understanding of blood, including its physiology and pathophysiology, to provide optimal care and support to children and young people and their families.

Nursing Children and Young People. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.2021.e1278

Peer review

This article has been subject to open peer review and checked for plagiarism using automated software

@sausmash

Correspondence

kate.davies@lsbu.ac.uk

Conflict of interest

None declared

Baker E, Crawford D, Davies K (2021) Biological basis of child health 10: function and formation of blood and common blood disorders in children. Nursing Children and Young People. doi: 10.7748/ncyp.2021.e1278

Published online: 12 April 2021

Want to read more?

Already subscribed? Log in

OR

Unlock full access to RCNi Plus today

Save over 50% on your first 3 months

Your subscription package includes:
  • Unlimited online access to all 10 RCNi Journals and their archives
  • Customisable dashboard featuring 200+ topics
  • RCNi Learning featuring 180+ RCN accredited learning modules
  • RCNi Portfolio to build evidence for revalidation
  • Personalised newsletters tailored to your interests
Subscribe
RCN student member? Try Nursing Standard Student

Alternatively, you can purchase access to this article for the next seven days. Buy now

Or
}